How united were the Chinese during the War of Resistance?Men and women, young and old, sell coffins to donate money
I am Wolf Jun, an engineering boy who accompanies you to study history. Since 1937, in the face of Japan’s comprehensive invasion, the Chinese nation was forced to start a comprehensive war of resistance against Japan.But poor and weak China, faced with a premeditated Japanese attack, soon ran into financial problems.In order to support the war, the people of all ethnic groups in the rear of the war launched a vigorous cash campaign against Japanese aggression.For a time, no matter men and women, no matter the status of high and low, no matter in which line of work, are involved in the war of resistance.The donation movement supported by the whole people not only supported the Anti-Japanese War financially and materially, but also encouraged the morale of the front line in spirit, and became an important part of the whole nation’s Anti-Japanese War.In early July 1938, on the occasion of the first anniversary of the Anti-Japanese War, in order to more widely unite the masses, arouse the consciousness and determination of the whole nation for the Anti-Japanese War, and support the front-line Anti-Japanese War.Zhou Enlai, then deputy head of the Political Department of the Military Commission, and Guo Moruo, director of the Third Political Department, decided to organize large-scale commemorative activities and made donations as the main content of the activities.On July 7, the “July 7” donation campaign officially began in Wuhan. The preparation meeting will set up donation platforms in six places in front of the bronze statue of the Prime Minister on Sanmin Road in Hankou, at the gate of Wuchang Department, next to the water tower on Zhongshan Road in Hankou, at the gate of Hankou World Cinema theater and at the Dongmen pier in Hanyang.The event began at 9 a.m. and was scheduled to last for three days until September 9.After a few simple speeches, the various donation tables were surrounded by a dark crowd, and the people who had been informed of the news began to come on stage to donate money.A middle-aged man named Huang Zesheng, a person back 38 broadsword rushed to present the gold platform, and then to the staff and the masses under the stage said: “I have no valuable things, send these a few broadsword, for the brothers chop devil with!”The audience cheered.A ragged refugee of 60 years from the occupied areas came three times a day, and each time he donated the cash he had gained from the sale of his property to the front. When he made his final donation, he said to the crowd:”I fled from Hebei and my whole family was killed by the Japanese. I know what it means to destroy a nation and my family. If the country dies, I can’t even save my life.There were also two veterans of the Revolution of 1911 who had cut off their legs in the war and climbed on the platform with crutches. After donating the money, they said to the crowd: “Our brothers are too old and disabled to go to the front to kill the enemy. We can donate two oceans to buy bullets to kill the devils!”During this period, many beggars came to donate money. A mute beggar who made a living donated 12 iron rings and two cents.A 74-year-old beggar put his half a month’s begging into a gold box.There is an old man more than 60 years old, will sell his coffin after the donation.At first, the old man’s son disagreed, and the old man said angrily, “The Japanese have fought at the door of our house. If our country dies, there will be no place for us to bury ourselves.After my death a roll of reeds will do. If you are dutiful, listen to me.”Finally, the old man’s son sold the coffin and donated the money.On the afternoon of July 9, zhou Enlai, Dong Biwu, Deng Yingchao, Lin Boqu and others came to hankou Jianghan Guan Jintai to donate their salaries in July, a total of 2100 yuan, including Chairman MAO’s salary of 350 yuan as a political advisor.Then Li Kenong on behalf of all the soldiers of the Eighth Route Army, will save the food costs, a total of 1000 yuan donated.Finally, Ye Jianying on behalf of the eighth Route Army in Wuhan office, all staff salaries in July have also been donated.On the evening of 9th, the normal donation activity was supposed to end, but due to the enthusiasm of the people who came to donate money, the final decision was postponed for two days, until July 11th, the donation activity was successfully concluded.The total number of participants reached more than 500,000, and the total amount of donations and various properties exceeded one million.However, with the further deterioration of the battlefield situation, China’s economic situation became more and more serious. In order to save the nation from danger and support the Anti-Japanese War ahead, Chongqing also held a one-month “donation competition” in February 1939.The standard is based on the total amount of donations made by individuals or industries at least one day.On February 26, the first day of the “donation competition”, the film, entertainment, hotel and other industries donated 4,896.86 yuan.In the following days, all walks of life have participated in the Anti-Japanese War donations, forming a momentum of competition donations.Among them, the silver building industry donated 1512 yuan;$1319.54 from the insurance industry;A theater donated 1200 yuan;1000 yuan from Chongqing Electric Power Company;Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China and Bank of Communications each donated 100,000 yuan.March 5, 1939, Chongqing women formed a donation group, launched women from all walks of life contribution war.Two mobile cash cars in chongqing city parade, the car’s students, women singing patriotic songs, all the way propaganda speech, for the Anti-Japanese War donations, the day received a total of 632359.36 yuan, as well as a large number of gold and silver jewelry.A little girl named Lin Shaoyun will save 2 yuan candy money, personally into the box.Seeing this, another father picked up his four-year-old son and also put 50 yuan into the box.By the end of the gold-offering activity on March 12, with the enthusiastic participation of all walks of life, men, women and children in Chongqing, a total of 2465105.62 yuan in cash had been raised. This was only cash, and a large amount of valuable property, including gold and silver jewelry, utensils, gold and silver bars, gold and silver bars, etc. had not been taken into account.Around the Spring Festival of 1940, when China’s War of Resistance against Japanese aggression was in its most difficult period, the National Consolation Association issued a call for the masses in the rear to transfer the gifts prepared for relatives and friends during the Spring Festival to the frontline officers and soldiers, so as to enhance the sense of mission and responsibility of the rear masses during the war of resistance against Japanese aggression, and at the same time to comfort the frontline officers and soldiers.In 1940, on the third day of the first lunar month of the Chinese New Year, the labor Contributions officially began.A barefoot rickshaw puller donated his entire day’s earnings.A clay doll made by a child was auctioned at the gift table at the gate of the road. Eventually, the clay doll and the 227 yuan from the auction were all donated to the soldiers at the front.Migrant workers’ groups from coastal cities donated thousands of yuan after donating more than 4,000 yuan in a recent cold-clothing offering.Chongqing Women’s Comfort Labor Branch slaughtered a fat pig on the spot and distributed the meat to the families of soldiers who were living in poverty.A woman who makes a living washing clothes will donate her hard-earned money saved by hard work.Female representatives of Yufeng heji mill will donate the hard-earned money of all female workers, a total of 1000 yuan.Affected by the atmosphere of the scene, Hubei oil merchant Liu Huitang immediately donated 10,000 yuan.During the whole Spring Festival, people from all walks of life in Chongqing donated more than 600,000 yuan, and there were countless items such as towels, cloth shoes and straw sandals.The above three Anti-Japanese War contributions are only an epitome of the Anti-Japanese War contributions of the rear masses in the whole nation.Among all the contributions to the war of resistance, all ethnic groups, all walks of life, men, women, young and old, regardless of high or low, have donated money to the war of resistance.Although these contributions were only a drop in the bucket in terms of the huge materials needed for the war of Resistance, the spiritual power they generated was immeasurable.The article is not easy to organize, welcome to pay attention to the Wolf.If you think the article is good and want more people to know the historical knowledge and story, please recommend it to more people.This article for the Wolf gentleman see original, unauthorized reprint is strictly prohibited in any form, plagiarism will be prosecuted.