Guide social capital to participate in reclamation paddy fields

2022-05-27 0 By

Statistics from Economic Daily show that since 2014, guangxi’s natural resources system has put 562,500 mu of paddy fields into storage and increased its grain production capacity by 840 million kg through vigorous reclamation of paddy fields.Among them, the “dry land to water” farmland quality improvement project increased 449,300 mu of paddy fields, accounting for about 80% of the newly increased paddy fields.It can be seen that the reclamation of paddy fields, especially the improvement of farmland quality, is an important guarantee to realize grain storage in the land, ensure the balance of farmland occupation and supplement and food security.”Replacing drought with water” involves a large investment and a long cycle.Take Guangxi as an example, the implementation of “dry land to water” farmland quality improvement project cycle is 2 to 3 years, the per mu investment is not less than 20,000 yuan (including later management and protection, the per mu investment is more than 30,000 yuan).To the western region that financial resources are not abundant, huge capital investment depends on financial investment completely is not realistic.Therefore, to speed up the implementation of the “dry water” project, on the one hand, we can explore the organic combination of the “dry water” farmland quality improvement project with the comprehensive land remediation, high-standard farmland construction and other projects, reduce the construction difficulty and cost to the greatest extent, improve the comprehensive benefit of the project;On the other hand, while insisting on the input of governments at all levels, guangxi has expanded the sources of funds through multiple channels, introduced the participation of social capital and implemented the policy of offering rewards instead of subsidies to promote the innovation and improvement of cultivated land quality, and firmly adhered to the red line of cultivated land protection and the bottom line of food security. Guangxi has carried out practical exploration and gained useful experience in this regard.Introducing social capital to participate in reclamation of paddy fields, it is necessary to strictly replenish cultivated land, especially the quality of “replacing dry land with water”.What Guangxi has done is to make full use of the results of the latest annual change investigation to carry out field verification and evaluation and demonstration on the plots suitable for quality improvement and reconstruction. On this basis, a special standing book is established and experts such as natural resources, agriculture and rural areas, water conservancy, transportation and cost are invited to conduct field survey and demonstration before applying for project approval and implementation.After the completion and acceptance of the project, it is necessary to check and approve the newly added farmland and report for storage, so as to ensure that the reclaimed paddy fields can meet the demand of “occupying and supplementing excellent farmland, occupying paddy field and supplementing paddy field”, and the balance of farmland occupation and supplementing has been fully implemented.To introduce social capital to participate in reclamation of paddy fields, we should establish and improve the index trading mechanism of supplementary cultivated land, guide governments at all levels to actively carry out the investigation and project implementation of supplementary cultivated land potential.For example, by constantly improving the trading mechanism of supplementary cultivated land index, establishing the trading market of supplementary cultivated land index and implementing the dynamic adjustment mechanism of the guiding price of supplementary cultivated land index transaction, it can solve the imbalance of supplementary cultivated land index between regions and effectively improve the enthusiasm of reclamation and paddy fields.Introducing social capital to participate in reclamation of paddy fields should arouse the enthusiasm of all parties and establish a linkage mechanism between investors and farmers.In practice, farmers’ interests can be guaranteed by paying land rent, involving farmers in project construction and field management.At the same time, investors are encouraged to participate in the cultivation and fertilization of cultivated land and the development of three-dimensional planting and breeding after the completion of the land quality improvement project, which can not only avoid the “non-agricultural” and “non-grain” of cultivated land, but also improve the development level of local planting industry.While vigorously introducing social capital, the model of replacing subsidies with awards can be innovatively implemented, and investment units can be guided and encouraged to carry out land quality improvement projects of “replacing dry land with water” according to the requirements of engineering construction quality.After the completion and acceptance of the project, the investors will be rewarded according to the target area of supplementary cultivated land and the improvement of cultivated land quality, so as to achieve double harvest of economic and social benefits.(Tong Zheng via Economic Daily News)